Koala joeys © WWF-Australia, Glossy black cockatoos © WWF-Australia / Sii Studio, Eastern quolls © WWF-Australia / Madeleine Smitham, Greater glider © David Gallan / WWF-Australia

© Ocean Ark Alliance; © WWF / Stephen Hogg; © WWF-Malaysia

Regenerating Australia's Wildlife

Australian Wildlife


Our wildlife is uniquely Australian.

Australia is home to some of the world’s most beautiful nature, and iconic wildlife found nowhere else on this planet.

We have towering eucalypt forests, home to animals, including koalas and greater gliders. Intricate river systems, where platypus hide. Rugged ranges and red earth, where wallabies bounce. And then there are our magnificent beaches and seascapes, where marine turtles nest and whales make their annual migration.

Our geographical isolation means many of these animals and plants have evolved over time and are unique to Australia.

Sadly, more than 480 of our native animals are at risk of being lost forever. Habitat destruction, invasive predators, inappropriate fires and the increasing impacts of a changing climate are pushing many of our precious wildlife to the brink of extinction. We’ve already lost more than 60 of our unique species.

WWF-Australia is working in partnership with Traditional Owners, communities, organisations, businesses and individuals to protect our threatened wildlife, restore their habitats and turn the tide on our extinction crisis. This work is only possible thanks to our incredible supporters.

Together, we can Regenerate Australia and save our unique wildlife.

Learn more about Australian wildlife

Who lives in your backyard?

My Backyard

Who lives in your backyard? Discover the threatened wildlife that could call your backyard home, how well they are being looked after and what you can do to help.

Discover Now

Scat Chat with WWF podcast now streaming!

Join WWF-Australia and comedian Carlo Ritchie on our new podcast as we get to the bottom of what fascinating things scat (or poo) can teach us about the animals that made it, the homes they live in and the problems they face.

Listen now
Scat chat with WWF image

Saving our wildlife

Here are some of the threatened wildlife we’re working to save in Australia and overseas.

Our boots on-the-ground

Here are some of the places we’re working in Australia and within the Asia-Pacific region to save endangered wildlife.

Australia has the worst mammal extinction rate in the world

Over thirty million years of geographical isolation have created animals and plants unique to Australia. However, this rich biological diversity has seriously declined since European settlement. 34 Australian mammals have become extinct over the past 200 years. 

In the land of the kangaroo, the platypus and the koala, our mammals are the most distinctive in the world. 86% can’t be found anywhere else.

But our mammal population is dwindling. And the main wildlife in danger of extinction or decline are those that fall in a critical weight range – 35 to 5,500 grams. Threatened animals in this range include woylies, numbats, bandicoots, bilbies, quokkas, quolls and rock-wallabies, which are particularly vulnerable to predators, including feral cats and foxes.

How can we save our wildlife?

Thylacine family at Beaumaris Zoo in Hobart, 1910 / Public Domain

National Threatened Species Day

On 7 September each year, many people stop and reflect on the fact that on that same date in 1936, Australia’s Tasmanian tiger, also known as the thylacine (Thylacinus cynocephalus), slipped over the extinction line.

Sixty years later, in 1996, WWF-Australia’s Threatened Species Network and the Australian Government established National Threatened Species Day to commemorate the death of the last Tasmanian tiger at Hobart Zoo.

WWF-Australia is working to ensure our nation’s threatened wildlife do not suffer the same fate.



Our most vulnerable wildlife face a number of key threats.

  • FIRE

    Inappropriate fire management can destroy and fragment habitat


    Conflict between humans and wildlife can lead to poaching and illegal trade


    The destruction of habitat can devastate animal populations


    Foxes and feral cats are among the most destructive


    Changes to temperature and rainfall are damaging ecosystems

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