Glossy black-cockatoo chicks have hatched among burnt bushland on Kangaroo Island, boosting hopes the endangered species can be saved from extinction.
Staff from Natural Resources Kangaroo Island have discovered 23 chicks during nest inspections so far, including several in areas damaged by the devastating summer bushfires.
“It’s amazing to see that glossies have continued to nest in places like Middle River and DeMole River where there’s some food trees that survived the flames,” said Karleah Berris from Natural Resources Kangaroo Island.
“We’re keeping a very close eye on those nests to ensure they’ve got enough food to keep the nestlings going until fledging.”
Kangaroo Island was estimated to have about 370 glossy black-cockatoos prior to the bushfires. Up to 75 per cent of this population lived within the 210,000 hectare area that was burnt, sparking fears for the future of the species.
With funding from WWF-Australia, Natural Resources Kangaroo Island has been surveying damaged habitat and inspecting nests that survived the fires.
The project team has banded and done health checks on 10 of the larger nestlings. The nestlings won’t fledge and leave the nest until three months of age, remaining with their parents until the next breeding season.
While it is too early to say how this year will compare with previous nesting seasons, the appearance of so many healthy chicks is encouraging.
“Every new glossy black-cockatoo on Kangaroo Island is incredibly important. The only way we’re going to rebuild this population is to ensure these chicks keep hatching and survive to fledging,” said Ms Berris.
“The survival rate for nestlings is up around 70 per cent, so we don’t lose many after they hatch. The biggest threat is possums predating on eggs and nestlings. In the past we’ve had large nestlings up to five weeks old being taken by possums.”
Corrugated iron collars have been fixed around trees with nests to prevent possums from accessing the eggs and nestlings.
In the coming weeks donations from WWF-Australia and online furniture business koala.com will also be used to replace artificial nest boxes lost in the fires. About 35 per cent of known nests were destroyed.
“Many of the cockatoo pairs on Kangaroo Island rely entirely on these artificial nests to breed and nest, so it’s vital to install replacement boxes in areas where there’s feeding habitat,” said Darren Grover, WWF-Australia’s Head of Healthy Land and Seascapes.
The loss of feeding habitat remains a big concern, as glossy black-cockatoos feed almost exclusively on the seeds of drooping sheoak trees.
Some pockets of burnt sheoak have defied the odds and begun re-sprouting and local landholders are preparing to help to plant more than 6000 new sheoak trees during the colder months of June and July.
“It’s fantastic to see these cockatoo chicks emerging from the ashes of the bushfires, but they now face new challenges going forward and there’s lots of work for us to do,” said Mr Grover.
News of the glossy black-cockatoo chicks comes at a crucial time when the Australian government is running a once-in-a-decade review of its environmental laws intended to protect threatened wildlife.
“After this year’s devastating bushfires, it’s more important than ever that these laws are not only protected but improved to ensure the future survival of one of Australia’s most iconic birds and our other threatened species,” said Mr Grover.
Natural Resources Kangaroo Island has partnered with Nature Foundation to establish a fund to directly support the Glossy Black Cockatoo Recovery Program. People can help fund the glossy-black cockatoo’s recovery here
People can also help WWF-Australia continue to deploy funds to care for wildlife and restore habitat lost in the fires by donating