Tigers are endangered. The global tiger population has dropped 97% over the last hundred years. With as few as 3,200 tigers left in the wild, mostly found in isolated pockets spread across increasingly fragmented forests stretching from India to north-eastern China and from the Russian Far East to Sumatra, bold and immediate action is needed.
However, in some good news, the release of the India’s 2014-15 population estimate report in January 2015 has seen tiger numbers jump from 1,411 in 2006 to 2,226 in 2014 with over one third of this increase occurring within the past four years.
Threats to tigers
Poaching for skins and body parts is the greatest threat to wild tigers today.
In addition, habitat loss due to agriculture, clearing of forests for the timber trade and rapid development, especially road networks, are forcing tigers into small, scattered, isolated pockets.
As a result, the numbers of wild tigers and the availability of their prey have steeply declined. This can mean tigers coming into conflict with humans as they stray close to villages, resulting in tigers and people being killed. The solution is to minimize contact between wild tigers and humans, however, as Asia develops competition for space and habitat increases.
What WWF is doing for tigers: Tx2
At the Tiger Summit in St Petersburg, Russia, in 2010, the 13 tiger range governments committed to the most ambitious and visionary species conservation goal ever set: TX2 – to double wild tiger numbers by 2022, the next Year of the Tiger. WWF is a major driving force behind Tx2, working at all levels, from the highest political negotiations to field work in key tiger landscapes, to ensure the governments meet their goal.
By saving tigers, we also save the biologically rich and diverse landscapes where they still roam – Asia’s last great rainforests, jungles and wild lands. These forests are home to thousands of other species, people and the food, freshwater and flood protection that local communities need to survive.
WWF-Australia is proud to be an essential part of Tx2.
Adopt a tiger
And, of course, don’t forget to spread the word. The more people realise what simple steps can be taken to save the tiger, the more success we will have. So go on, get your friends, your family, and your workmates to help too!
The good news is that we can save the tiger.
Adopt a tiger
If you want to do more to help double wild tigers: