Underwater scene. Soft corals, hard corals, anthias.  Fiji is famous throughout the world for ... / ©: Cat Holloway / WWF-Canon

Coral Triangle

Located in the waters off the coasts of Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Solomon Islands and Timor-Leste, the Coral Triangle is the world’s marine life hotspot. It contains the highest diversity of iridescent corals, fish, crustaceans, molluscs and marine plant species on Earth.
On land, only the Amazon comes close to rivaling the triangle for species richness. The area also sustains over 120 million people and garners more than $12 billion a year from nature-based tourism. 

However, this marine wonderland is at risk. Unsustainable fishing, poorly planned development, pollution, population growth and the effects of climate change are all contributing to the degradation of the Coral Triangle.

The dangers the Coral Triangle faces were recognised at the Asia Pacific Economic Co-operation (APEC) summit in September 2007, when 21 world leaders endorsed a proposal to safeguard the rich marine resources of the Indo-Pacific region for future generations under the banner of the Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisheries, and Food Security (CTI).
The CTI partners six governments to conserve the extraordinary marine life of this region. The proposal was endorsed at the Sydney APEC Leaders’ Declaration on Climate Change, Energy Security and Clean Development forum in 2007.