In a blow for biodiversity in East Antarctica, the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) has failed to implement protection for wildlife by establishing a new Marine Protected Area (MPA) in East Antarctica.
The 36th meeting of the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) in Hobart could not reach an agreement on a proposal led by Australia and France with the EU for a MPA for East Antarctica. The proposal was a push to create a vast marine sanctuary in East Antarctica, building on the success of landmark deal secured last year for the Ross Sea at the annual conservation summit.
There are more than 9,000 species in the pristine waters around Antarctica. An MPA would secure a future for the wildlife and marine biodiversity in the region, including Adélie penguins.
“Earlier this year a colony of over 18,000 pairs of Adélie penguins in Terre Adélie, Antarctica, suffered a catastrophic breeding failure with only two chicks surviving. It was the second breeding failure in just four years” said Chris Johnson, Senior Manager, WWF Antarctic program.
Surviving mostly on a diet of krill, a small shrimp like crustacean, Adélie penguins are generally faring well in East Antarctica, but declining in the Antarctic peninsula region where climate change is well established. However, this significant breeding failure at this particular colony in East Antarctica has been linked to unusually extensive sea ice late in the summer, meaning the adult penguins had to travel further to forage for food for their chicks. As a result, the chicks starved.
The penguins will have greater resilience to the threats of climate change if their homes and the ocean diversity the depend on are protected by MPAs.
“We are extremely disappointed about the deadlock at the annual CCAMLR meeting and today’s decision. WWF and our many supporters across the world had hoped that all CCAMLR members would recognise the urgent need to protect critical feeding areas in East Antarctic waters. WWF will not give up working to secure MPAs because too many species are being pushed to the brink.” said Chris Johnson.
“We’ve designated Antarctica as natural reserve, devoted to peace and science. This is the one place we put differences aside for the good of nature and for our future. Today, we let differences get in the way of responding to the needs of fragile wildlife.”
For more information contact
Paula Kruger WWF-Australia Senior Manager News and Public Affairs +61 407 067 303 firstname.lastname@example.org
Chris Johnson Senior Manager, WWF Antarctic Program +61 437 226 011
About WWF and Antarctica:
WWF helped to achieve ban on mining on Antarctica as well as helping establish the Southern Ocean Whale Sanctuary. In terms of marine protection, back in 2002 WWF helped create large marine reserves around Macquarie Island, and Heard Island and McDonald Islands, and in 2006 supported the first bioregionalization of Southern Ocean waters. WWF was a crucial part of establishing the Ross Sea MPA in 2016.
CCAMLR is the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources. CCAMLR was established in 1982 with the objective of conserving Antarctic marine life. CCAMLR is comprised of 25 member states including the EU.